Skyscraper Farms

Despite being one of the most densely populated countries in the world, the Netherlands manages to have one of the most efficient and productive agricultural sectors, second only to the United States (a far bigger country) in value of exports.

In light of that, perhaps it is fitting that a Dutch company should lead the way in the new concept of “high-rise farming”. As reports:

PlantLab, a Dutch agriculture firm, wants to construct “plant production units,” spaces made for growing plants and vegetables. Each unit is customizable, able to adjust and control anything from to the amount and kind of light received, a major value for photosynthesis, to how large the space needs to be — anything from a garden the size of a microwave to a skyscraper.

By either constructing buildings, or, potentially more sustainably, retrofitting existing, unused buildings, PlantLab believes they can construct spaces where plants will grow faster and more efficiently.

This means the entirety of California’s almond-growing operation could be put into something the size of a Best Western hotel, while also cutting out pesticides, producing three to five times more almonds and using 90% less water thanks to smarter hydration — all without tweaking the almond’s genetics.

Here is a proof of concept of sorts from the company’s official YouTube:

The implications of this idea are vast. Suddenly, regions of the world lacking resources or appropriate climate can grow any number of crops to suit local needs. So much space can be freed, and environments spared, while giving immediate access to food. It is also a great way to make use of otherwise derelict building — imagine how many decaying cities and suburbs could be turned into thriving agricultural centers?

PlantLab claims that with this approach, it will only need space equal to about one third of the U.S. state of Hawaii to feed the world’s population. A part of me is skeptical of this, but with some analysts projecting a global food shortage by 2050, I want to be hopeful.

The company’s TedTalk in Brainport, Netherlands is certainly intriguing.

Granted, the world already produces enough food to feed its inhabitants. Most global hunger is attributed to the inequities and inefficiencies of the global food market, as well as various shortcomings in infrastructure, investment, and transportation. None of this means that we should give up on finding solutions to improve food production; rather it is just one component of a very complicated problem.

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